Alternatives to Using ‘At Risk’ Medicinal Species American Ginseng and Goldenseal

The Government of Ontario is taking a stand for species at risk, and so
should herbalists and other alternative health practitioners
by Marianne Beacon
Student of International College of Herbal Medicine
Third Year Research Paper
Submitted July 20, 2008
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Herbal Medicine and Nutrition for Psittacines, by Kristin Hulzinga

The benefits of herbal medicine have been explored and used extensively on humans over the millennia, rising and falling in popularity. Humans naturally used this form of medicine with their domestic animals as they fell ill. Parrots outdate human existence on Earth as indicated by 40 million year old fossils found in various parts of Europe that show they were indigenous to the area. Climate change and habitat loss is likely to have caused parrots to look for more hospitable areas of the world, resulting in parrot ancestors residing primarily in South America and Africa. It is thought that Egyptians were the first to keep African Greys as pets, dating back to 3,000 years ago. Parrots were kept as pets by royalty in the first millennium B.C, and appeared in Europe in 327 B.C when Alexander the Great conquered India and took Alexandrine parakeets back to Greece with him. The popularity of parrots as pets fluctuated through the ages.Their popularity decreased in 1929 due to a strain of pneumonia called ‘parrot fever’ that proved deadly in its time. Parrots became popular as pets again in the 1970s which inspired an industry devoted to cages, toys and a convenient pellet diet. Although parrots have graced human homes for many years, their genetic makeup is the same as their wild ancestors, making them unique from the dogs and cats we keep as pets1

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